Brazil is the largest market in Latin America and is considered to be one of the top emerging markets. While Rio de Janeiro is the party capital of Brazil, Sao Paulo is the financial center. Back in 2008, Sao Paulo Stock Exchange (known as Bovespa) has merged with Brazilian Mercantile & Futures Exchanged, creating BM&F BOVESPA, which is now among top 15 exchanges in the world.

This merger resulted in an exchange that provides a platform to trade a wide variety of financial products, making it a quite comprehensive exchange as well as a regional leader.



Mexico is the second biggest county in Latin America in terms of population and economy. Mexico is also part of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) together with the United States and Canada. Effectively, what is happening in the Mexican economy depends, in large, on what is going on in the United States.

The Mexican Stock Exchange (Bolsa Mexicana de Valores) is located in Mexico City and is the second largest in Latin America. As with many other exchanges, in addition to stocks, there are other instruments traded including debt.


Once upon a time, Argentina, a country seemingly on the way to great prosperity, had been competing with the United States for European settlers. These times were followed by populist government policies, leading to hyperinflation, economic collapses, and disappointing economic development. To this day, the populism is part of governmental policy. Effectively, Argentina has become the hope that never came to fruition.

Yet, it’s still one of the major Latin American economies, and it is not the only country in the region subject to economic mismanagement.

Buenos Aires Stock Exchange (Bolsa de Comercio de Buenos Aires) is the primary stock exchange in the country. Stocks, debt instruments, and options are among the primary instruments traded there.

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Introduction to Latin American Stock Markets

​Latin America is a wide region spanning from Mexico all the way south to Argentina. There is one unifying factor among most Latin American countries, the Spanish language. However, the biggest economy, Brazil, is Portuguese-speaking. In this article, we cover major Latin American markets, still considered to be part of emerging markets group of countries.